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LETTER: Critical Matters Related to the PG&E Bankruptcy
Hon. Marybel Batjer, President
Hon. Martha Guzman Aceves
Hon. Liane M. Randolph
Hon. Clifford Rechtschaffen
Hon. Genevieve Shiroma
California Public Utilities Commission
505 Van Ness Avenue
San Francisco, CA 94102
President Batjer and Commissioners:
RE: Critical Matters Related to the PG&E Bankruptcy
As local leaders across Northern and Central California, collectively representing more than 5 million residents, we write to you about a matter vital to the safety and quality of life of the communities we serve. While our immediate attention focuses on the recovery of our neighbors and communities from recent tragic fires and power shut-offs, we have serious concerns about whatever emerges from the bankruptcy of Pacific Gas and Electric Company and its parent, PG&E Corporation. We write in our individual capacities as elected and appointed leaders, but as our coalition of local leaders grows in the weeks ahead, we will advocate these positions with our boards and councils as well, and seek their support.
Both the federal bankruptcy code and state law invest the California Public Utilities Commission with a responsibility for approving any Plan of Reorganization for those entities. The Bankruptcy Court may not confirm such a Plan if it involves any rate change (as is the likely case) without this Commission’s assent, while recently-enacted state law establishes your approval as a necessary predicate for the emergent entity to have access to the Wildfire Fund. The Commission now plays an essential part in the restoration of Northern California’s incumbent utility to a position where it can provide safe, reliable, and affordable power to our citizens.
At present, the Commission is considering the scope of its review. It is focusing primarily on the two plans before it, developed in the Chapter 11 proceeding by competing financial interests. One, from the companies themselves, reflects the current driving forces that govern PG&E, namely financial entities that purchased controlling equity interests as the crisis unfolded. The other is the product of distressed asset bondholders. Both vie for ultimate control, and both reflect a short-term desire to maximize financial gain for their proponents. Neither plan addresses the three key matters that we believe are of utmost importance. They are:
First, the discussions so far have been almost entirely devoid of any consideration of whether PG&E can emerge under either plan as a viable, credit-worthy entity. The bankruptcy code requires that the reorganized PG&E to be a feasible, financially stable enterprise, able to perform its functions for the long term. Under Section 1129 (a)(11) of the Bankruptcy Code, the Court may not confirm a Plan that does not meet this standard. Even without that mandate, as a matter of public policy, this should be a primary consideration. Rather, the proceedings appear dominated so far by a pitched battle between Wall Street titans for control of the bankruptcy
process, control of the company, and the ability to control exit financing. This is merely spectacle, without regard for what will be left behind when the financial players inevitably leave the scene.
Second, the scope of review must include consideration of whether the reorganization plans before you address any of the organic operational issues that have plagued this company to the great detriment of its customers. The public interest cannot be swept aside in the name of merely addressing the bankruptcy exit. The Plan of Reorganization must substantially improve the company’s operational footing — boosting its capacity to deliver electricity and gas that meets its customers’ reasonable expectations for reliable service, while remaining solvent. This requires aligning the financial interest of the company with the public interest — for focused investment in safe, resilient, well-maintained, and sustainable infrastructure.
So far, neither Plan before you posits a vision for a reorganized PG&E that will address those operational issues.
Third, the Commission has indicated that as part of its review, it will examine “structural” issues involving PG&E’s governance. We urge you to embrace this aspect of your review broadly and incisively.
Recently, Governor Newsom declared that “when they come out of bankruptcy, [PG&E] has to be a completely re-imagined company.” We agree. That reimagining must begin now, as part of your review.
In a growing coalition of local community leaders, we are developing a proposed structural change for PG&E that addresses all three of these key elements. Based on a foundation currently in the Public Utilities Code, we will propose transforming PG&E into a mutual benefit corporation – in essence, a cooperative owned by its customers.
We propose a customer-owned utility for three primary reasons. The most compelling rationale is that PG&E correctly estimates it must invest tens of billions of dollars over the next decade for system hardening, wildfire protection and cyber-security. A mutualized PG&E can raise capital from a broad pool of debt financing in amounts substantially greater than can an investor-owned PG&E, and at much lower cost. A customer-owned utility can operate without the burdens of paying dividends to shareholders, and exempt from federal taxation. As a result, a cooperative financial structure will save ratepayers many billions of dollars in financing costs over this next decade. A customer-owned PG&E will better focus its scarce dollars on long-neglected maintenance, repairs, and capital upgrade, and mitigating some part of the substantial upward pressure on rates.
Next, a customer-owned utility structure can be accomplished through a Chapter 11 Plan, with results far superior to those that would be seen from the two plans currently under consideration.
Finally, the customer-owned utility structure would allow PG&E to begin the process of restoring public confidence, in part by allowing the public to have greater role in determining decisions that increasingly have come to define matters of life and death. To the extent that the public continues to believe that a profit motive has dominated PG&E’s decision making, the enterprise will never regain the trust of its customers, its regulators, and public policy-makers. It is time to pass control of the company from geographically distant investors to its customers.
Although recent actions bring the urgency of change into sharp relief, we do not pursue this option out of mere anger or angst. Rather, the moment compels PG&E’s transformation. AB 1054 was a response to the realization that customers will be called upon to bear billions of dollars of costs associated with wildfire recovery and payment of claims. We face the need for a completely re-engineered and reconstructed system to adapt to the realities of climate change and poorly maintained infrastructure. PG&E cannot meet these challenges if it stumbles out of bankruptcy, barely able to raise capital, and suffering prohibitive costs.
There is a better way, and we want you to consider it. Your proceeding is that opportunity. We urge that it not be a cramped or limited exercise, focused solely on getting through the current Chapter 11 case.
We stand ready to participate in these proceedings, and to work with you. However, we again urge that the scope of your inquiry must address these broader and compelling matters that go well beyond the immediate desire to simply get through the bankruptcy proceeding. The Commission must do more than approve a Plan – any Plan – merely so that the bankruptcy can be concluded. This situation requires a full and comprehensive effort to chart a sustainable course for the future of PG&E, one that will serve the interests of its customers, and position the company to meet the challenges we will face from a changing climate.
Mayor Sam Liccardo, City of San José
|President Carole Groom, San Mateo County
Board of Supervisors
Chair Ryan Coonerty, Santa Cruz County
Board of Supervisors
Chair Kate Sears, Marin County Board of
Chair Don Saylor, Yolo County Board of
Chair Mark Medina, San Benito County Board
|Mayor Teresa Barrett, City of Petaluma
Mayor Heidi Harmon, City of San Luis Obispo
Mayor Dominic Foppoli, City of Windsor
Mayor Jack Dilles, City of Scotts Valley
Mayor Amy Harrington, City of Sonoma
Mayor John Dell'Osso, City of Cotati