The Tenant Protection Ordinance (TPO) specifies landlord responsibilities and tenant rights regarding notices to terminate. Under the TPO, landlords of multifamily dwellings, guesthouses and unpermitted units are only authorized to terminate tenancy for the 13 listed causes below (the list is available in Spanish and Vietnamese).
Upon serving a tenant with an eviction notice, landlords must submit a Notice to Terminate Tenancy with Just Cause to the Housing Department's Rent Stabilization Program.
Just Cause Reasons Due to Tenant Actions
- Nonpayment of rent
- Material or habitual violation of the lease
- Damage to the apartment
- Refusal to agree to a similar or new rental agreement
- Disorderly behavior/disturbing the peace
- Refuse access to the apartment when requested in accordance with law
- Unapproved holdover subtenant
- Criminal activity
Just Cause Reasons Due to Landlord Decisions or Actions
- Substantial rehabilitation of the apartment
- Removal of apartments from the rental market under the Ellis Act
- Owner move-in
- City code enforcement actions requiring a move out
- Convert an unpermitted apartment for permitted use
Relocation benefits must be paid when a tenant is being removed from an apartment for reasons due to landlord decisions or actions. Benefits are paid based on the size of the unit occupied by the tenant:
- Studio: $6,925
- 1-Bedroom: $8,400
- 2-Bedroom: $10,353
- 3-Bedroom: $12,414
The following documents provide more information:
- If giving a notice of termination, serve a written copy to the tenant with the proper amount of notice according to State law. Ensure at least one of the 13 just causes is included on the notice.
- Provide a copy of the notice of termination to the City within two days of serving notice to the tenant. You can submit a copy of the notice online
- Provide relocation benefits at the time of service to the tenant, if applicable.
- Do not disclose or threaten to disclose tenants' immigration or citizenship status to authorities for the intent of retaliation.